J.E.B. Stuart’s Rebels raid Spangler’s mill near Cold Spring Station

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View of the old Henry Myers mill located on Green Valley Road northeast of Jefferson, Pennsylvania. On the afternoon of June 30, 1863, Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee‘s Confederate cavalry of Stuart’s division rode past this once thriving mill en route to Hanover Junction (they would pause near John Epley Ziegler‘s house and his father’s old tavern before changing course for New Salem).
Some of Lee’s troopers paid a visit to the mill, but found it not to be the lucrative prize they had hoped. Nearby Cold Spring shopkeeper Conrad Myers reported losing 50 bushels of flour he had stored in the mill, but his losses pale compared to millers and farmers elsewhere in York County.


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Another view of Henry Myers’ old mill (all photos taken by me on January 16, 2008, between 12:15 – 12:30 PM). The nearby Myers Road is named for him, and leads toward what is now the paper mill town of Spring Grove, Pennsylvania.
Henry Myers built the first grist mill at this location in 1820. Constructed of wooden logs, it was powered by an 8-foot diameter overshot water wheel. In 1852, he sold the business to William Spangler, who tore down the small wooden mill and constructed the 3.5-story brick building seen in the photographs. According to the website MillPictures.com, he utilized a much larger and more powerful 17-foot overshot Fitz waterwheel to turn the heavy grindstone. That necessitated a stronger flume of incoming water, so he constructed a mill dam and large mill race.
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After years of declining business in the 20th century, the mill was purchased in 1951 by Harry Hoff. It was closed a few years later when maintenance of the mill race proved too expensive. It, and the water wheel, are now long gone.
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View of the back of Myers’ Mill as seen from the tiny hamlet of Cold Spring, once a thriving rail stop on the Hanover Branch Railroad (the trace of which runs between the meandering creek and the village).
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The miller’s house, with the characteristic Pennsylvania Dutch “dawdle house” beside it (where the old folks could live independently but still within the care of the family).
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Satellite image courtesy of Yahoo.com
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7 Responses to J.E.B. Stuart’s Rebels raid Spangler’s mill near Cold Spring Station

  1. Falmanac says:

    I’m pretty sure his name was Fitzhugh, not “Fitz Hugh.”

  2. Scott Mingus says:

    Of course! Thanks for catching this brain cramp!

  3. Robert Smith says:

    Scott – I have done family genealogy for close to 40 years now and am a descendant of Hans Jacob Friederich (Jacob) Bollinger (1724-1777) and Anna Maria Bauman (1730-1781), who left Lancaster County for York County in 1763 and purchased land (over the course of several years) throughout Spring Grove. My g.g.g grandfather, Michael Bollinger built a house in 1816 that is still standing at 788 Mill Road, just off of Route 116 – today the home of Cleo Wildasin. The earlier generation of my family (aforementioned) purportedly built a mill that existed on this land, which was located on the West Branch of the Codorus Creek along the Hanover-Spring Grove Road at Ambau and very near the physical dividing line between Heidelberg and North Codorus Townships. It stood at the intersection of present-day Route 166 and Mill Road for approximately 165-170 years. I’ve been told by locals in the community that it was razed about 1930 and the foundation stones and some of the brick were used in the reconstruction of the First Methodist Church in neighboring Hanover. I am trying to ascertain whether or not any there are any extant photographs of this mill. Do you know or could you please refer me to someone who may know? If so, I’d be very appreciative.

    • Scott Mingus says:

      Hello Robert!

      Contact Lila Fourhman-Schaull at the York County Heritage Trust. She wrote a recent book on the mills of York County, and she has access to the Grant Voaden collection of photos and data on many of the mills.

  4. Robert Smith says:

    Apologies – I meant: It stood at the intersection of present-day Route 116 and Mill Road for approximately 165-170 years. Note: The mill was a three-story structure with the front fascade facing Mill Road. A very short distance down Mill Road (on the same side of the road) there was a distillery, also built by my family – and also, no longer extant.

  5. Dave Sheely says:

    My wife and I bought the property in 2001, and have been fixing, repairing, and rebuilding the house for the past 10 years, now I’m starting to work on
    repairing and fixing up the grist mill, it is really a grand old building.

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