The old Ziegler house – did Jeb Stuart and his officers conference here?

Ziegler house.png
Confederate Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart is known to have met with some of his subordinate cavalry officers on the Ziegler property near Hanover Junction, Pennsylvania, as he marched toward York following the June 30, 1863, Battle of Hanover during the Gettysburg Campaign.
At that conference, Stuart abandoned plans to ride to York, recently occupied by Jubal Early’s infantry division, and instead ride northerly to Dover and the Shippensburg Road. Locals had reported that Early had left York and headed up the Carlisle Road toward Dover. Stuart’s inability to connect with Early and the Army of Northern Virginia would have ramifications for the July 1-July 3 Battle of Gettysburg.
However, the exact site of Stuart’s early evening meeting has been debated for years (see my earlier blog post for the background and arguments for this old house as the site and the counterarguments for a long ago razed tavern also owned by the Zieglers).
This photo, and those that follow, was given to me by historian / researcher Ray Kinard. The photographs were taken by descendants of the Zeigler/Ziegler family and are published with Ray’s permission.

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The old house has been heavily modified over the years, likely to accommodate the expanding Ziegler clan. John Epley Ziegler (14 Apr 1806 – 19 Nov 1875) was one of the most prominent residents of the region, and his homestead would have been well known to those local civilian hostages that Stuart had forced into being his guides through the unfamiliar countryside northeast of Hanover.
Zeigler map.jpg
The Ziegler properties in question were located near Hanover Junction, PA, in the southwestern part of rural York County. It is less than twenty miles north of the Mason-Dixon Line. Many of the residents of this region, like Ziegler, were farmers and descendant of early immigrants from southwestern Germany’s Palatinate region that settled here in the late 18th century.
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Stuart never mentioned the conference in his official report, but he described the exhausted condition of his men as they rode from the Ziegler farm up and down the extremely undulating southern York County terrain: “General Fitz. Lee’s brigade was put at the head of the column, and he was instructed to push on with the train through Jefferson for York, Pa. and communicate as soon as practicable with our forces. Hampton’s brigade brought up the rear. We were not molested in our march, which, on account of the very exposed situation of our flank and the enemy’s knowledge of it, was continued during the night. The night’s march over a very dark road was one of peculiar hardship, owing to loss of rest to both man and horse.
After a series of exciting combats and night marches, it was a severe tax to their endurance. Whole regiments slept in the saddle, their faithful animals keeping the road unguided. In some instances they fell from their horses, overcome with physical fatigue and sleepiness. Reaching Dover, Pa., on the morning of July 1, I was unable to find our forces. The most I could learn was that General Early had marched his division in the direction of Shippensburg, which the best information I could get seemed to indicate as the point of concentration of our troops.”
For much more on the subject, please see the Ziegler descendants’ website.

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5 Responses to The old Ziegler house – did Jeb Stuart and his officers conference here?

  1. elizabeth says:

    Does anyone know where I could find information on this Zeigler / Ziegler family who owned this house or lived in this area? I am researching my family tree and have traced this line back to this area. I would greatly appreciate ANYTHING anyone can tell me, even suggestions of where to find info about them. Thank you! ewintr(at)

  2. Zeigler’s and Ziegler’s are one family divided by spelling. However, the family that accumulated the properties in question here was begun by John Bernardus Ziegler, known throughout the area as “Barnet”.
    “Barnet” Ziegler built the home, now owned by the Brubakers. The top photo you show on your Cannonba!! website is not the Brubaker home. It was the home of John Kohler Ziegler, John Epley Ziegler’s son. That home was built by John Epley Ziegler as a wedding present for John Kohler Ziegler. (The John Kohler Ziegler home no longer exists.)
    The rest of the photos you show are, indeed, the Brubaker home.
    For my family’s interpretation of the events surrounding the JEB Stuart meeting please see my webpage link in the comment shown above.
    Blake Ziegler

  3. Scott Mingus says:

    Hello Blake! I have removed the photo of the J. K. Ziegler house. Do you happen to have a photo of the old tavern by any chance?

  4. No, unfortunately we do not have that photo. We have been searching for quite a long time for one.
    We believe the stone tavern was abandoned before the Civil War and that the tavern operation was moved to the Brubaker home. There exists a photo of writing on the wall such as might be found in a tavern, directly inside the front door of the home. The writing was an announcement of support for Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren who ran together in the 1832 election.
    I doubt that the two taverns would have been in operation at the same time by the same owner.

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