Confederate campsite: 17th Virginia Cavalry

Confederate cavalry camped on June 28-30 on this hill overlooking the village of Emigsville, Pa. and the nearby York and Liverpool Turnpike (now George Street) and the Northern Central Railway. The horse soldiers had come down the pike the afternoon of the 28th after burning two railroad bridges over the Conewago Creek near York Haven. This was the 17th Virginia Cavalry, commanded by Col. William H. French, and reporting to Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early.
As Jim McClure and I collect information for our manuscript, Civil War Voices from York County, Pa.: Remembering the Rebellion and the Gettysburg Campaign, we have been fortunate to receive dozens of previously unknown primary accounts from eyewitnesses to the war. These include letters, diaries, journal entries, reminiscences, and unpublished manuscripts. So many of these new sources add to our overall knowledge base of what transpired in York County during the Gettysburg Campaign, and what the soldiers and civilians from this region were thinking and doing throughout the entire war. This has been one of my most satisfying and rewarding experiences of my writing career, for I believe it is rare for a pair of historians to uncover so much fresh material in such a short time span.
Among the accounts is an old transcript of an interview with a resident of Emigsville, Pennsylvania, Sallie (Emig) Rutter. Descended from the founders of Emigsville, she married into the family that founded what became the Rutter’s chain of gasoline stations and convenience stores.

Much of the hilltop is covered with townhouses and condominiums, and is the most likely place where the Rebels would have camped. This field remains intact on the southern slope, but it is not known if any of the men were specifically on this side of the low hill. It is likely, as the regiment contained more than 200 men (some evidence from the York County damage claims suggest that at least one part of the regiment camped east of York along the road to Wrightsville; historians know that Company C accompanied Brig. Gen. John B. Gordon to the Susquehanna River in a foiled attempt to seize control of the Columbia Bridge.).
Sallie Emig, as a young girl, watched as her father John discharged a pistol into the air to unload it. He did not realize that the Confederates had arrived and taken possession of the nearby hill (her parents’ farm was in the general vicinity of the foreground of the first photograph). A Rebel fired a return shot and then several galloped their horses down to the farm. She noted they were on Emigsville Hill above the town, not far from the blacksmith shop.
For the rest of the interesting story, stay tuned for announcements of the publication of the new book!
Damage claims filed after the war by Emigsville residents confirm the presence of “a large body of cavalry” camped in the woods near this hill and “on the hill above the town.” The only known cavalry in this vicinity was the 17th Virginia, which was raised mostly in what is now West Virginia. Just down the road on a series of heights were campsites of three regiments of Virginia infantry under Brig. Gen. William “Extra Billy” Smith, the subject of a new biography I have written (Savas Beatie, autumn 2011). They were camped along the old turnpike which led from York to Liverpool (now Manchester) and eventually on to Harrisburg.
Colecraft Industries of Orrtanna, Pa. is the publisher of Civil War Voices; we are expecting it to be in print in April 2011 for the start of the 150th anniversary of the Civil War. The cover art is now almost finished, and Jim and I have 90% of the text written. There is still time for you to submit your ancestors’ stories, which we welcome!
Send all submissions to
As a reminder, this hilltop is all private property. Trespassing to explore for any remaining relics of the Virginians is forbidden without express permission.
John Emig Barn 004.JPG
An old shot of the John Emig farm, where Sallie and her father unexpectedly encountered the 17th Virginia Cavalry. Note the low wooded hill in the upper left of the photo; compare that to the first photo. The old farm is now an industrial park, and modern construction made it impossible for me to get the exact same camera angle. I was trying for a “now & then” type composition.
Vintage photo courtesy of Dianne Bowders.

This entry was posted in Books, Civilians, Confederate camp sites, Confederates, Emigsville, Gettysburg Campaign. Bookmark the permalink.

12 Responses to Confederate campsite: 17th Virginia Cavalry

  1. Mike Hopkins says:

    I found your very interesting website while looking for info on the 17th Virginia Cavalry. My great grandfather served in the 17th: Cummins Jackson Anderson.
    Keep up your good work! Very well done!

  2. Scott Mingus says:

    Hello Mike!
    Thanks for the very kind words. The 17th left quite a mark on this area during the Civil War.
    Cummins Jackson Anderson’s memorial on Find-a-Grave has a photo of the old veteran.

  3. Sir,
    My ggreat Grandfather was Alexander P. Welch of the 17th Virginia Cavalry.
    He was killed during the Gettysburg campaign and I am unable to find any more information than that. I do not know exactly where he died or where his body was interred. If your book has any of this information, then please send me details on how I may purchase it.
    Respectfully Yours,
    David Welch

    • Scott Mingus says:


      Records are scarce as to the circumstances of the deaths of men of the 17th. We do know that one soldier drowned in the Susquehanna River, but his ID is uncertain. I will check my 17th VA files and see if I find anything. Welch is not mentioned in my book or in Brian Kesterson’s book on the 17th VA Cavalry.

    • Danny W. Barie says:

      Capt. John Rayburn:

      I recently read your comments to an on-line article entitled”Confederate Campsite: 17th Virginia Cavalry (November 12, 2010) by Scott Mingus. The article dealt with part of that units role in the Gettysburg Campaign in the summer of 1863. I too have relatives who served in the 17th Virginia Calvary. All were in Co. A from Mercer County, VA (now WV).

      More importantly, I work in for the city of Welch, WV, which is named for Isaiah A. Welch. Isaiah Welch served the Cause as a Virginia State Delegate and as a Captain in the 13th Virginia Light Artillery Battalion. He was the quartermaster. He is also the brother of your ancestor, Alexander P. Welch. For a time Alexander Welch’s son, Jefferson Davis Welch lived with his uncle Isaiah Welch.

      I have been working on a biography of Isaiah Welch for a couple of years and would be interested in any information that you might have on their shared family background. I know little else about Alexander P. Welch but would be glad to share any information that I have or will find in the future.

      Best Regards,
      Danny W. Barie

  4. Charlie Robinson says:

    Hoping you can help. My GG uncle fought for the 17th VA Cav. According to the information I have they formed in Harrison Co, WV. I have a article that says an orginal member in 1905 (Lewis P. Hoff) says that about eighty men form at the Methodist Church on Jesse’s Run. The men raided on their own through out WV until Jan 1863 where they became Company B of the 17th Virginia Cav., CSA. My GG Uncle’s name was Joseph Berry Robinson. In 1864 I have muster rolls showing him in the 46th VA Cav. Mostly AWOL.

    Just a quirk, his Brother, MY GGfather, Francais Harrison Robinson fought with the 3rd WV Cav. (Union)


    Charlie Robinson

    • Scott Mingus says:

      Hello Charlie! Have you tried this book? Harris, Nelson. 17th Virginia Cavalry. Lynchburg, VA: H. E. Howard, Inc., 1994. It’s a useful overview of the movements of the 17th throughout the war years, with some information (although limited) on individual soldiers. Another interesting source is Campaigning with the 17th Virginia Cavalry Night Hawks at Monocacy – Brian Stuart Kesterson. The latter focuses on one company, but has a ton of good material.

  5. Stacy Burdette says:

    My great grandmother is the daughter of Capt Robert Gore, whom I understand commanded a Co. of the 17th Va. I’ve only found a little info about him and most of that involves a small roll of prisoner taking and guarding during the siege of Gettysburg. Can you point me to some other resources for his company battle details. Thanks

    • Scott Mingus says:

      Hi Stacy! Brian Stuart Kesterson wrote a book on the 17th VA a few years ago, but it is out of print and hard to find. Nelson Harris also wrote a book whicjh can still be found in libraries on occasion.

  6. Stacy says:

    Scott, thanks for the leads I’ll see if I can find the books locally.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>