Category Archives: York

Full division of troops occupied York’s Camp Scott in May 1861

Pennsylvania and Ohio troops at Camp Scott in York, Pa. – May 25, 1861 (Harper’s Weekly) Camp Scott, named for army commander General Winfield Scott, was located at the intersection of E. King Street and S. Queen Street in York, … Continue reading

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Railroad traveler liked York, but not Wrightsville

A traveler calling himself “P.M.” visiting Baltimore in the early winter of 1850 sent back a letter to the editor, Ephraim Cowan, of the Warren (Pa.) Mail. He took a train most of the way, including the Pennsylvania Railroad from … Continue reading

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One of the Rebels buried in York PA likely identified

Five Confederate soldiers are buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery along N. George Street in York, Pennsylvania. According to local information, all were prisoners of war who were wounded in battle, taken to York for treatment, and then perished from their … Continue reading

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Black history month: Eli Grey, Civil War-era barber in York

Eli Grey (also spelled Gray in some accounts) was a fixture in downtown York, Pennsylvania, during the Civil War years (1861-1865). Since medieval times, surgeons and physicians often also doubled as barbers (hence the red stripes for blood on traditional … Continue reading

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Escape! Rebel POW slips across rural York County into Maryland: Part 1

At the start of the Civil War in 1861, a 21-year-old Georgia man named Robert D. Chapman was swept up in the patriotic fervor. With several friends, he enlisted in the 112-man “Miller County Wild Cats,” which soon became Company … Continue reading

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Connecticut soldiers played “cowboy”; returned stolen cows to Yorkers

A young Connecticut lad named William Caruthers had quite the experience as a Civil War soldier. His ancestors had immigrated to British North America in the early 1700s, but being loyalists fled the colonies during the American Revolution. Caruthers, born … Continue reading

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York residents flocked to local photographers during the Civil War

Photography originated in Europe in the early 1800s, with a variety of techniques of using light-sensitive chemicals spread onto a substrate such as paper, leather, pewter, or a glass plate. The resultant image often took hours to develop, so most … Continue reading

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New York soldier described York’s Civil War hospital

From the summer of 1862 until the end of the Civil War, the Union army maintained a military hospital on Penn Common just south of what was then downtown York, Pa. Peaking at more than 2,000 patients at its fullest, … Continue reading

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Sarcastic Gettysburg soldier sent letters home from York’s Camp Scott: Part 3

Union troops train at Camp Scott in York PA in the spring of 1861. Among them were the new recruits of the 2nd Pennsylvania Infantry, a three-month regiment which included a company (the “Independent Blues”) from Gettysburg and Adams County. … Continue reading

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Sarcastic Gettysburg soldier sent letters home from York’s Camp Scott: Part 2

This sketch from the New York Illustrated News shows Camp Scott, a Civil War training facility in York, Pennsylvania. In May 1861, a soldier of the 2nd Pennsylvania Infantry using the pen name “Bageney” sent several letters  home to the … Continue reading

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