Category Archives: York

1912 newspaper article discussed York’s Civil War U.S. Army Hospital

During the Civil War, York, Pennsylvania, boasted a 2,000-bed U.S. Army Hospital with one of the lowest mortality rates of any military medical facility in the country. Less than 200 patients out of 14,000 during course of the war died … Continue reading

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York County’s Civil War questions: Part 3

A Northern Central Railway train steams into the yard at York, Pennsylvania, in this 19th-century sketch. The NCRW was an important supply route for the Union army and navy during the American Civil War, carrying thousands of troops, as well … Continue reading

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York Gazette described the Confederate invasion

During the Gettysburg Campaign, more than 6,000 Confederate troops occupied the vicinity of York, Pennsylvania, for 3 days and 2 nights (June 28-30, 1863). A few citizens left letters or diary entries concerning the Rebels in their midst, but with … Continue reading

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What became of York’s flag taken by the Rebels in June 1863?

After Gordon’s Rebels hauled down the flag from Centre Square, its whereabouts quickly became uncertain to the residents of York. Rumors and tales abounded, including a story that General Gordon tied it to his horse’s tail and dragged it in … Continue reading

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A visitor from Virginia — 151 years ago today

On Sunday, June 28, 1863, more than 6,000 Confederate soldiers under the command of Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early marched or rode into downtown York, Pennsylvania. They encamped in and around the town, with unlimbered artillery pieces frowning from the … Continue reading

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Work restarted on turning Goodridge-Dempwolf house into Underground Railroad Museum

William C. Goodridge was born a slave in Maryland, but became a free and prosperous business man in York, Pennsylvania, in the decades before the American Civil War. He owned a multistory emporium on York’s center square as well as … Continue reading

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York US Army Hospital patient wrote home 4 weeks before Rebels occupied facility

George D. Thomas hailed from Blair County, Pennsylvania. He joined the Union army on September 18, 1862, the day after the bloody battle of Antietam down in Maryland. Thomas mustered in as a private in Company H of the 110th … Continue reading

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Jubal Early’s Rebels raided York merchant P. A. Small

This image from the files of the York County Heritage Trust shows the Centre Square in downtown York, Pennsylvania, during the middle of the 19th century. The two market sheds gave rise to the name Market Street for the east-east … Continue reading

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Confederate mapmakers prepared for the invasion of Pennsylvania

During the winter of 1862-1863, famed Confederate generals Robert E. Lee and T. J. “Stonewall” Jackson planned a possible invasion of the North, with a focus on central Maryland and south-central Pennsylvania. Jackson had long advocated such an incursion, aimed … Continue reading

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The last surviving resident to see the Confederates enter York?

This impressive mansion of railroad magnate Charles Billmeyer was newly built when almost 1,000 Confederate soldiers tramped past on June 28 and 29, 1863 on their way to and from Wrightsville in their effort to seize the Columbia Bridge. York … Continue reading

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