The Manor of Springettsbury by Neal Otto Hively

Upper Area of South Region in what is now Springettsbury Township; from Shearer’s 1860 Map of York County, PA & Penn Pilot Aerial Photo, from Nov. 25, 1937, of Same Area with Hively MAP 20 Overlay (Annotations by S. H. Smith, 2014)

Upper Area of South Region in what is now Springettsbury Township; from Shearer’s 1860 Map of York County, PA & Penn Pilot Aerial Photo, from Nov. 25, 1937, of Same Area with Hively MAP 20 Overlay (Annotations by S. H. Smith, 2014)

This is the same illustration that began my post Ten 1860 Buildings in South Region of Springettsbury Township; with one exception.  A faint transparent overlay of the corresponding section of Neal Otto Hively’s Connected Draft Warrant MAP 20 of The Manor of Springettsbury is shown over the 1937 Aerial Photo.

The Rev’d Dr. Neal Otto Hively has created connected property maps, for the earliest settlers, covering all of York and Adams Counties.  His books on original land records and accompanying connected draft warrant maps are based on his original research.  In a phenomenal effort, Neal Otto Hively secured copies of original land records from multiple locations, then collated, organized and indexed volumes of information to publish the results in a series of books and to create the maps.  His books contain details associated with each numbered map parcel.  These details include: who the settlers were, when they arrived in that area, where they settled and a host of other facts.  Check out Hively’s web site here.  The York County Heritage Trust is a location that sells Hively’s books and maps.

In tracing deeds of property ownership from the present owner back to the Penn Proprietors, one occasionally hits a deed that has not been recorded, especially during earlier times; causing a break in the research chain.  The utilization of Neal Otto Hively’s books and maps often allows one to complete the property ownership chain.  In many instances, overlaying Hively’s maps on 1930s aerial photos shows that some roads were located on early property lines and that some property lines have not changed from the time of the earliest settlers through the 1930s.

For Springettsbury Township, Neal Otto Hively’s references are:

  • BOOK: The Manor of Springettsbury, York County, PA, Its History and Early Settlers, York County Original Land Records, Volume 6.
  • MAP:  Connected Draft Warrant MAP 20, The Manor of Springettsbury.

In my previous post, I noted four of the ten (marked) 1860 buildings still stand at these present addresses:

  • [s2] – 2840 Whiteford Road (Christmas Tree Hill)
  • [s3] – 2901 Whiteford Road (see this post)
  • [s7] – 1620 Memory Lane Extended (Livingston Property)
  • [s9] – 1748 North Hills Road

From the Hively references, the [s2] & [s3] buildings are within Survey 194 (beginning with Christian Stoneman in 1736 and continuing through Treichler and Flory ownerships into the early 1800s).  The [s7] & [s9] buildings are within Survey 181 (beginning with Baltzer Spangler in 1736 and continuing through other Spangler ownerships into the early 1800s; also note from the 1860 map, [s9] is still owned by a Spangler in 1860).

My next post in this series will combine the Hively references with Deed information from the Recorder of Deeds and at the York County Archives to establish the property ownership chain for these four properties.

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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Car Building in York County during 1876

These snippets, from an article in the October 10th, 1876 issue of the The Evening Dispatch, paint an optimistic picture for railroad car building companies within York County.  The snippets are from the extensive collection of newspaper microfilms at the York County Heritage Trust.

Car10oct1876tCar10oct1876b

I’m giving a talk on Rail Events in the 1800’s for the Glen Rock Historic Preservation Society on April 22nd, 2014.  What started out as changing a few slides to a previous talk on “19th Century Railway Car Builders of York” has essentially morphed into a completely new talk.

It is no doubt; the 1870s and 1880s were boom years for Railway Car Builders in York County.  My “19th Century talk” focused heavily on Billmeyer & Small Company, who reached a peak of nearly 700 employees in 1883 at their two big car building plants in the east side of York.  Right now I’m writing about Billmeyer & Small’s export business in the latest chapter of Railcar Gold.

Michael Schall’s Empire Car Works was located in the west side of York; within what is now known as the northwest triangle.  The October 10th, 1876 article in the The Evening Dispatch is from a reporters visit to the Empire Car Works, reporting on a large railcar order for the Southern Pacific Railroad.

As early as 1870, Michael Schall was also a partner in Fry, Herbst & Company; rail car builders in Glen Rock.  Later on, Michael Schall added to his car building interests; investing in the Middletown Car Works and Dauphin Car Works in Dauphin County.

Years ago, when searching newspapers for Billmeyer & Small information, I occasionally ran across articles about Michael Schall getting big orders; which his York plant alone could not fill.  In which case, he’d farm out the excess to other car shops where he was a partner.  Through this arrangement, Fry, Herbst & Company in Glen Rock produced cars for the Southern Pacific Railroad.

In the article, Arthur King, the superintendent of the Empire Car Works, noted the Southern Pacific Railroad “as yet has no steel in it.”  This is a reference to no steel railcars.  In 1876, over 99% of the railcars in the United States were constructed of wood.  Some railroads had a few steel cars, although these were more of a curiosity, since they were an order of magnitude more expensive than wooden rail cars.

P. T. Barnum exploited the steel rail car in the Centennial edition of his Greatest Show on Earth.  In the early morning darkness of Saturday September 16th, 1876, Barnum’s ad noted, “Three Monster Special Trains of Solid Steel Cars,” pulled into York, PennsylvaniaThese 120 steel railroad cars, transporting the biggest traveling circus ever assembled, must have been a sight to behold in 1876.

By 1883, the steel railcar had dropped to roughly four times the cost as the equivalent wooden railcar.  The cost of steel railcars continued to drop through the 1890s, until by the early 1900s most wooden railcar builders ceased production, as was the case with Billmeyer & Small Company.

GlenRockTalk

Related Posts:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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35 Participating Restaurants for March of Dimes Coffee Day in 1958; Avalong, Paddock, Bury’s/Playland Steps

Arsenal Road, The Paddock on Market, Stony Brook Slate and Brick Company

Paddock

Of the 35 participating restaurants for March of Dimes Coffee Day in 1958, few continue to exist in York County.  The Paddock Restaurant at 3406 East Market Street is one of the surviving restaurants that still flourish today as The Paddock on Market.

While browsing the Newspaper Microfilms of the York County Heritage Trust, I discovered an ad in the January 31st, 1958 issue of The Gazette and Daily.  It listed 35 participating restaurants for March of Dimes Coffee Day in 1958.  Three in the list immediately attracted my attention as I scanned the list.

The address for Avalong Dairy was listed as Arsenal & Mt. Zion Road.  Some time ago, a reader commented to my post A Road Named N.O.P., Arsenal and Whiteford; Part 1 – Avalong.  That post contained a 1957 yearbook ad with Avalong’s address at Corner Arsenal and Mt. Zion Roads.  The reader suggested a simple explanation; the students working on the yearbook got the address wrong, because he was positive Arsenal Road never extended to Mt. Zion Road.  This new find, in The Gazette and Daily ad from 1958, substantiates the information in the prior post; where I discovered, during the late 1950s, a move was under foot for the Arsenal Road name to extend all the way to Mt. Zion Road.

The Paddock Restaurant was established in 1947.  Sixty-seven years at the same location on Market Street in Springettsbury Township.  That is quite a track record; they must be doing something right.

The Paddock was recently extensively renovated, however the core of the building goes back to the early 1900s.  John Hauser built this house using brick from the local Stony Brook Slate and Brick Company.  I wrote several posts on the Narrow Gauge Railway along Stonewood Road in Springettsbury Township, which connected the slate/brick quarry to the Stony Brook Slate & Brick Company.  The brick making part of the business existed from 1904 to 1915.

A booklet produced by Springettsbury Township for their Centennial, 1891-1991; Our First 100 Years of Progress in the County of York, PA., contains these notes on Page 118:

Stony Brook Slate and Brick Company went out of business, but not before some Stony Brook area buildings were built by their bricks.  Marino’s Pizzeria (original residence built by Winfield Hauser); The Paddock Restaurant (built by John Hauser); Stony Brook Mennonite Church; The Carriage House on the former Dr. Crandall’s Health School property; and numerous homes in Hellam as well.

PlaylandStepsDirectly above the Paddock entry, in the ad of 35 restaurants, is Bury’s (Dick Zeigler) at 2710 E. Market Street.  That Bury’s was located at the southeast corner of East Market Street and Northern Way; next to the Playland Complex.  Wendy’s and the Cloister Car Wash are now located on that corner.  Bury’s was where our family ate, the evening of the day our family moved from York Township to Springettsbury Township in January 1958.  On the east side of Wendy’s, the concrete steps, which existed between Bury’s and the Playland Complex, are the only remaining reminder of these two great places from my youth.

Related posts include:

Continue reading for the whole list of 35 Participating Restaurants for March of Dimes Coffee Day in 1958.  If you have memories of any of these restaurants, like my memories and historical details, please comment.

Continue reading “35 Participating Restaurants for March of Dimes Coffee Day in 1958; Avalong, Paddock, Bury’s/Playland Steps” »

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RAILCAR GOLD Chapter 15 . . Export . . Part 3

RAILCAR GOLD    Chapter 15 . . . Export   add 2 blanks after GOLD

RAILCAR GOLD   Chapter 15 . . . Export

RAILCAR GOLD is a historically accurate multi-generational fictional tale of hidden treasure, primarily set in York County, Pennsylvania during the latter half of the Nineteenth Century.  This is Part 3 of Chapter 15 . . . Export.  A new part will be posted every Thursday.  Recent chapters stand alone, starting here; however new readers may want to start at the beginning.

Continue reading “RAILCAR GOLD Chapter 15 . . Export . . Part 3” »

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Springettsbury Fire Stations nearing completion; Then & Now

Springetts Fire Company at 3013 East Market Street (1958 Gazette & Daily microfilms at York County Heritage Trust; 2014 Photo by S. H. Smith)

Springetts Fire Company at 3013 East Market Street (1958 Gazette & Daily microfilms at York County Heritage Trust; 2014 Photo by S. H. Smith)

This is the “Then” photo of the Springettsbury Fire Station nearing completion in 1958.  It is the present Springetts Fire Company at 3013 East Market Street.  Only the middle part of the present fire station was built in 1958.  Later additions were made during 1967 and 1974; at both ends of the original structure.

The present 3013 East Market Street fire station replaced the first fire station, whose structure still stands at 2914 East Market Street.  Some of the taverns, that later occupied the first fire station building, included: Fire House, Woozy Moose and Casablanca.

The history of the present fire station can be found in “Springetts Fire Company 50th Anniversary (1926-1976)” booklet from the collections of the York County Heritage Trust:

On January 7, 1958 bids were opened for construction of a new building, and contracts totaling $74,975.00 were awarded.  One third of the money needed was raised in the community, and the remainder of what was thought to be insurmountable indebtedness was established as a mortgage.  A groundbreaking ceremony took place on April 6th and the first stages of construction began April 9th.  In October the original fire hall was sold for $13,600.00, and the move to the new premises took place on Thanksgiving Day.  On Sunday, April 26, 1959 a dedication ceremony was held on the premises.

On July 10th 2013, ground was broken for the third fire station in the eastern part of Springettsbury Township.  When completed in May or June of 2014 the new $3.8 million fire station, a part of York Area United Fire & Rescue, will replace the present fire station.

The newest fire station is located about a mile to the east of the initial stations; nearly in the “ghost shadow” of the former Stony Brook Drive-In Theatre’s massive outdoor movie-screen.  The following is the “Now” photo of the Springettsbury Fire Station on Commons Drive, as it nears completion in 2014.

Springetts Fire Station on Commons Drive (2014 Photo by S. H. Smith)

Springetts Fire Station on Commons Drive (2014 Photo by S. H. Smith)

Commons Drive is a new road extending from Eastern Boulevard to East Market Street; intersecting Market Street just east of Hoss’s Steak & Sea House.  A recent photo shows the completion of Commons Drive will likely occur during May.

Commons Drive in Springettsbury Township (2014 Photo by S. H. Smith with “Ghost Shadow” of the former Stony Brook Drive-In Theatre’s massive outdoor movie-screen drawn at proper location)

Commons Drive in Springettsbury Township (2014 Photo by S. H. Smith with “Ghost Shadow” of the former Stony Brook Drive-In Theatre’s massive outdoor movie-screen drawn at proper location)

Related posts include:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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Governor Wolf’s profound impact on York County

Northern Central Railroad & Glen Rock Talk

George Wolf [1777-1840] (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division)

George Wolf [1777-1840] (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division)

Yorker Tom Wolf is running for Governor.  One hundred and eighty-five years ago, Pennsylvania had its first Governor Wolf.  George Wolf served as the seventh Governor of Pennsylvania.

This portrait shows George Wolf when he served the Eighth District of Pennsylvania in the U. S. House of Representatives; having been elected in 1824 and reelected in 1826 and 1828.  In 1829 George Wolf was elected Governor of Pennsylvania; and was reelected in 1832.

Governor George Wolf is best known for pushing through the 1834 Common School Law, which established the first system of publicly financed grade-school education throughout the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.  Governor Wolf also had a profound impact on improvements to the transportation infrastructure in York County.

In 1827, York County merchants and farmers thought interstate barriers, the result of a fierce trade rivalry between Philadelphia and Baltimore, created restrictive trade routes; enriching Philadelphia businessmen at their expense.  York County and Baltimore businessmen worked together in applying for a charter on the first railroad into York County.  It would run between Baltimore and the Susquehanna River, passing through York.

The Maryland Legislature granted a Charter on February 13th, 1828, authorizing construction of the Baltimore & Susquehanna Railroad.  The Pennsylvania Legislature refused to approve a charter; protecting Philadelphia’s interests.

Following a one and one-half year impasse, the Pennsylvania Legislature still refusing to budge on allowing a railroad link from Baltimore into York County.  Maryland was not to be deterred.  Stock in the Baltimore & Susquehanna Railroad was issued.

BandSstock

On August 8th, 1829, construction was started on the railroad northward from Baltimore.  This was the beginning of what eventually became the Northern Central Railroad.

In 1832, it was Pennsylvania Governor Wolf who brokered a deal with the Pennsylvania Legislature to approve a charter for this railroad to proceed into Pennsylvania.  You’ll have to hear my talk on Rail Events in the 1800’s for the Glen Rock Historic Preservation Society on April 22nd, 2014, to discover why it took another six years before the railroad reached York.

Related posts include:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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RAILCAR GOLD Chapter 15 . . Export . . Part 2

RAILCAR GOLD    Chapter 15 . . . Export   add 2 blanks after GOLD

RAILCAR GOLD   Chapter 15 . . . Export

RAILCAR GOLD is a historically accurate multi-generational fictional tale of hidden treasure, primarily set in York County, Pennsylvania during the latter half of the Nineteenth Century.  This is Part 2 of Chapter 15 . . . Export.  A new part will be posted every Thursday.  Recent chapters stand alone, starting here; however new readers may want to start at the beginning.

Continue reading “RAILCAR GOLD Chapter 15 . . Export . . Part 2” »

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Ten 1860 Buildings in South Region of Springettsbury Township

Upper Area of South Region in what is now Springettsbury Township; from Shearer’s 1860 Map of York County, PA & Penn Pilot Aerial Photo, from Nov. 25, 1937, of Same Area (Annotations by S. H. Smith, 2014)

Upper Area of South Region in what is now Springettsbury Township; from Shearer’s 1860 Map of York County, PA & Penn Pilot Aerial Photo, from Nov. 25, 1937, of Same Area (Annotations by S. H. Smith, 2014)

Within this illustration, I’ve pointed out ten 1860 buildings and their corresponding location on a 1937 aerial photo.  I’ll work my way around Springettsbury Township, ten buildings at a time, until all buildings from 1860 are visited.  The present commercial corridors will be visited first.  See the post: Springettsbury Township building tally during 1860, for my specification of the four regions.

Shearer’s 1860 Map of York County contains the owner/occupant of most buildings; for example (s1) is J. H. Flory.  Additional information on J. H. Flory can be found by consulting the 1860 Census of the United States.

The results after consulting 1860 Spring Garden Township census records are shown below.  Spring Garden Township records must be used because Springettsbury Township was formed from the northeast part of that township on April 20, 1891.  The order of visitation, of the census taker, often provides assistance on who are neighbors and the tabulation of “value of real estate” separates the landowners from the renters or tenants:

StCensusS1to10

Four of these 1860 buildings still stand at these present addresses:

  • [s2] – 2840 Whiteford Road (Christmas Tree Hill)
  • [s3] – 2901 Whiteford Road (see this post)
  • [s7] – 1620 Memory Lane Extended (Livingston Property)
  • [s9] – 1748 North Hills Road

In my next post in this series, I’ll examine the sequence of owners of these four properties.  My goal is to get community involvement.  If anyone has a story associated with an owner of these properties, please post a comment.

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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Stephen H. Smith is a Common Name; Letters to the Editor

Logo for Stephen H. Smith’s Garden & Leisure Centre in the UK

Logo for Stephen H. Smith’s Garden & Leisure Centre in the UK

The main reason that my name has such widespread use is primarily the result of the surname Smith.  The U.S. Census indicates that the top five most common surnames are Smith, Johnson, Williams, Jones and Brown.  Smith is by far the most common; at one in every 99 people in the United States.  Stephen is the 34th most common given name; at one in every 185 males in the United States.

Several months after I retired, someone sent me the link to Stephen H. Smith’s Garden & Leisure Centre in the United Kingdom; inquiring if I started a new business.  This garden centre is in Otley, West Yorkshire; which is about 25 miles west of York.  I’ve done a good bit of family history research in the United Kingdom; Stephen Smith is also a very common name there.

Five e-mails in the past few days prompted this post.  They all assumed it was my letter to the Editor in the April 3rd issue of the York Daily Record; concerning another view about Tom Wolf’s politics.  There are several Stephen Smith’s in York County.  Stephen Smith of Spring Grove wrote that letter.

I’m Stephen Smith of Springettsbury Township.  Actually there are two Stephen Smith’s in Springettsbury Township; so you have to look for my middle initial “H.”  Several years ago I did an Internet search of Stephen H. Smith’s in the U.S. and found 545; two in York County, PA.

To my readers of this blog, who may be upset with me, like the five e-mails; please look at the name and location closely to make my identification.  There have been many previous occasions where another Steve or Stephen Smith writes letters to the Editor in York newspapers.  I’d often hear from people at work on their reactions of what they incorrectly consider to be my letters; while many of the people that do not say anything, probably still think that they are my letters.

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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Springettsbury Township building tally during 1860

1860SpringettsMap

On Monday I wrote about The making of Shearer’s 1860 Map of York County, PA.  This illustration shows the section of what is now Springettsbury Township from Shearer’s 1860 Map.  The surrounding townships are labeled, as they exist today.

Springettsbury Township was established in 1891, however many buildings within the township are much older.  The building tally is 214 from the 1860 map, and that count does not include barns, stables, sheds and other out-buildings.

Neighboring Manchester Township has determined 68% of their buildings from the 1860 map are still standing.  How many of the 214 buildings from 1860 still stand today in Springettsbury Township?

Today, some of these buildings appear as they did in 1860.  However many early buildings have additions or alterations.  These buildings are often disguised under siding or brickwork that was added well after they were originally built.

I’ve divided the township into four regions for a closer analysis of the building tally.  I used Route 24 as one divider.  A dashed line south of Ridgewood Road, curving to where North Hills Run enters Mill Creek, was used as the other divider.

1860South1

There, I’ve zoomed-in on the upper part of the South Region and added present road names, for better reader orientation. One can see many present roads existed in 1860.  Whiteford Road and the Railroad should be straight; they are not because they fall at the edge of two printed sheets, which did not align properly as the finished map was put together in 1860.  In future posts, I’ll examine 10 of the buildings within this area in greater detail.

The following tabulation provides a closer analysis of the 214 buildings, broken down by building type and region within Springettsbury Township.

1860SpringettsStats

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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