1860 Buildings 71-80 in West Region of Springettsbury Township

Emanuel G. Keller—conducted Pleasureville Store for 52-years

Pleasureville Region in what is now Springettsbury Township; from Shearer’s 1860 Map of York County, PA & Penn Pilot Aerial Photo, from September 18, 1937, of Same Area (Annotations by S. H. Smith, 2017)

At the left side of this illustration, using Shearer’s 1860 Map of York County, I’ve pointed out, and marked, ten 1860 buildings in the Pleasureville region within what is now Springettsbury Township. For this post, I utilized a map different from previous posts; one that did not have as much fold-wear. At the right side of the illustration is a 1937 aerial photo of the same region.

This is the 24th post in a series where I match 1860 dwellings, identified on Shearer’s 1860 Map of York County, to the families resided in them; utilizing the 1860 United States Census. This was another challenging set of ten dwellings; since most of the dwellings were not labeled, on the 1860 map, in this highest population density section of Pleasureville.

Zooming in on the Aerial View of Pleasureville

I’ve zoomed in on the 1937 aerial photo to provide better detail in locating the 1860 properties (w71) through (w80).

Enlarged View of Penn Pilot Aerial Photo, from September 18, 1937, in Pleasureville region within Springettsbury Township (Annotations by S. H. Smith, 2017)

I’m working my way around Springettsbury Township until all buildings from 1860 are visited. See the post: Springettsbury Township building tally during 1860,  for my specification of the four regions. With this post, I’ve completed an examination of the property owners for all 1860 buildings in the North, East and South regions of Springettsbury Township. One more post will complete this look at all Springettsbury Township marked structures on Shearer’s 1860 Map; it will focus on an area just north of Pleasureville in the West region. After which, it is anticipated one or two clean up posts will be followed by a summary post.

Shearer’s 1860 Map of York County  contains the owner/occupant of most buildings; for example (w77) is Z. Miller. Additional information on Z. Miller can be found by consulting the 1860 Census of the United States, in conjunction with other sources; where one discovers this is Zachariah Miller, a 32-year-old, Master Mason, with $1,200 in real estate holdings.

The results after consulting 1860 Spring Garden Township census records are shown below. Spring Garden Township 1860 Census records must be used because Springettsbury Township was formed from the northeast part of that township on April 20, 1891. The order of visitation, of the census taker, often provides assistance on who are neighbors and the tabulation of “value of real estate” separates the landowners from the renters or tenants:

It is suspected that some or all of the 1860 structures are contained within eight of the buildings at these addresses:

  • [w71] – 2507 North Sherman Street (upper location) or 2491 if lower location
  • [w72] – 2543 North Sherman Street
  • [w73] – between and behind 2547 & 2553 North Sherman Street
  • [w74] – 2565 North Sherman Street
  • [w75] – 2579 North Sherman Street
  • [w76] – 2589 North Sherman Street
  • [w77] – 2605 North Sherman Street
  • [w78] – 2621 North Sherman Street

Emanuel G. Keller (1829-1916)

The first sentence of Emanuel Keller’s obituary notes he conducted a general store in Pleasureville for a period of 52-years; from 1858 until 1910. That store is marked [w72] on the segment of Shearer’s 1860 Map of York County. E. G. Keller lived to an age of 86-years, 8-months and 6-days.

Emanuel G. Keller was born, during 1829, in York Township to John and Catharina (Goodling) Keller and was baptized at Blymire’s Union Church. After a decade of teaching in York Township schools, Emanuel’s first mercantile experience was in conducting a store in New Paradise, now Jacobus, from 1856 to 1858. In 1857 Emanuel married Julia Ann Catharine Snyder in Springfield Township; they had one child, Rolandus E. Keller. It appears Julia died shortly after childbirth and the 1860 Census indicates Rolandus is living with his grandparents, John and Sarah Snyder, in Springfield Township.

In 1858, Emanuel sells his store in New Paradise and establishes a store in Pleasureville. In 1859, Emanuel Keller married Malinda Jane Billet, the daughter of Daniel and Eliza Billet; who operate a farm [w22] just north of Pleasureville.

Emanuel’s obituary notes he was one of the founders and leading members of the local United Brethren Church. In 1860, that church building was built at location [w79]; initially consisting of a 30-ft. by 30-ft. frame structure. Emanuel’s store flourished and he established a Pleasureville cigar factory with his son Rolandus; E. G. Keller & Son. At Emanuel Keller’s death, his estate file shows him owning many properties in Pleasureville, plus 134-acres of surrounding farms.

The Pleasureville area received a post office on November 28, 1891. The postal name was Springet and Emanuel Keller was the its first postmaster. George Prowell’s 1907 History of York County, PA notes on page 1073 of Volume 1; quoting:

In recent years Springett has shown evidences of prosperity. There are at present (i.e. 1907) several cigar factories doing a large business. The village has a fine two-story school building and a commodious hall for secret societies and public meetings. E. G. Keller has conducted a general store in the village for forty years.

The “forty years” in Prowell, is a typo; E. G. Keller had been there nearly fifty years in 1907. I also get the question; was the postal office in Pleasureville spelled “Springet” or “Springett?” Springet is the spelling that appears on envelope cancellations and all official government correspondence. The Springet post office existed in Pleasureville until November 30, 1908.

The following photo shows the buildings [w72] that housed the E. G. Keller store in Pleasureville. These buildings are now a private residence at 2543 North Sherman Street.

Buildings at 2543 North Sherman Street (from Pleasureville Historic District National Register Nominating Application)

A core section of Pleasureville was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on February 18, 2000. The nominating application for the Pleasureville Historic District includes these comments about the E. G. Keller store; quoting from section 7, page 3:

Two frame 1-1/2 story buildings at 2543 North Sherman Street (TP# 9-85) date to c.1859 and are currently used as residences. One sits on the street with the second behind the first. Housing Emanuel G. Keller’s store from 1860 through the first decade of the 20th century, the front three-bay building has a rubble stone foundation, side-facing gable roof with asphalt shingles and scrolled barge board, 6-over-6 windows and a modern concrete full-width porch (Photo No. 9). Very similar to the former store, the rear building has a standing seam metal roof with open cornice and several replacement windows on its front elevation. E. G. Keller also owned the two-story dwelling to the east, and the rear dwelling many have been used as an accessory building to the store throughout the 19th century.

The present thinking is that building [w73], located between and behind 2547 & 2553 North Sherman Street was the initial residence of E. G. Keller on the property. His two-story residence along the street, to the east, i.e. 2547 North Sherman Street, was built later.

Links to other posts in this series include:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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Dr. Spotz off on house calls in 1900

Dr. G. Emanuel Spotz in Hampton, Adams County, PA (Submitted by Shelly M. Riedel)

Shelly Riedel submitted this photo of Dr. Spotz when he practiced in Hampton, Adams County, PA. Glatfelter Emanuel Spotz was a prominent York doctor whose medical practice began in Adams County during 1897, after graduating from Philadelphia’s Jefferson Medical College.

This photo can be dated circa 1900 because years ago, someone identified most of the individuals. G. Emanuel Spotz is driving the carriage and sitting beside him is his daughter, Marie McClure Spotz. Marie was born September 21, 1895, and looks to be about five years old in the photo. Marie is Shelly Riedel’s grandmother.

Initially I was going to title this post “Dr. Spotz on a house call,” however changed it when I discovered the photo shows his office and home in Hampton. It would be neat to see if this building still stands.

I’ll have a follow up post that notes Dr. Spotz was making house calls in Hampton via automobile in 1910. In the spring of 1912, Dr. Spotz returned to college; taking post-graduate courses at the Jefferson and Polyclinic Hospitals in Philadelphia. On March 21, 1913, his license was transferred to York County, whereupon he established a medical practice in York; see my previous post: Dr. Spotz used Race Car to make York County house calls.

Additional Photos and details about Hampton

Hampton is an unincorporated community 4-miles west of East Berlin in Reading Township, Adams County. Hampton grew at a crossroads on the Carlisle and Baltimore Turnpike, an old toll road that is now known as Route 94, the Carlisle Pike. If you’re driving west on US 30, the Lincoln Highway, and turn right at Cross Keys, onto Route 94, a little over four miles later, you’ll pass through Hampton. An arrow points to Hampton, in the upper left, on the following Adams County map section:

Here is the full photo submitted by Shelly Riedel. On the mounting board years ago, someone identified most of the individuals. The man on the porch is not identified and the four women at the bottom of the steps are way overexposed; leading one to believe the names were written by someone present when this photo was taken. These four women are: Dr. Spotz’s wife Helen, plus Florence, Francis and Pauline Neiman.

Dr. G. Emanuel Spotz in Hampton, Adams County, PA (Submitted by Shelly M. Riedel)

I noticed what looked like a plaque next to the front door. When I zoomed in on the plaque; it read “DOCTOR G. E. SPOTZ.”

Dr. G. E. Spotz office in Hampton, Adams County, PA (Submitted by Shelly M. Riedel)

Dr. Spotz was born in York New Salem and returned to live in York County and establish a medical practice in York during 1913. He initially resided at 202 Carlisle Avenue in the west end of York. Dr. G. Emanuel Spotz, purchased the house at 2025 East Market Street, in Springettsbury Township, when the York Motor Club decided to sell it in 1923. His son-in-law, Thomas Anderton Monk, Jr., resided with his wife, Marie McClure Spotz at 2025 after Dr. Spotz purchased the house and after the passing of G. Emanuel and his wife Helen McClure Spotz. The “Grande Dame of Market” remained in the family for 48-years.

Links to related posts include:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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Huntleys Hamburgers along Memory Lane

Huntleys Hamburgers at 190 Memory Lane (Drive-In photo is from page 279 of 1970 Panther Yearbook & Sign photo, taken 11/11/66, is from Collections of Springettsbury Township Historic Preservation Committee; Red roof coloring added by S. H. Smith)

Huntleys Hamburgers operated along Memory Lane in Springettsbury Township; spanning the late 60s and early 70s. Sue Markle submitted wide-ranging comments about Huntleys and noted “When McDonald’s arrived nearly next door during Huntley’s final year, my hamburger pecking order remained Huntley’s first, Gino’s occasionally, and McDonald’s almost never. I wonder what the East End hamburger pecking order was for your readers during the early-seventies.”

I was pretty sure Huntleys appeared in the ads within my Central York High School yearbook; the 1968 Panther. It was a text ad, providing their address; 190 Memory Lane. A photo of Huntleys Drive-In appeared within the ads of the 1970 Panther, on page 279. I added color, because I thought Huntleys needed its classic red tile roof.

The photo of the sign in front of the drive-in comes from a collection of several old Police Polaroids donated to the Springettsbury Township Historic Preservation Committee. Each Polaroid in that collection contains the date and time taken; this one was taken November 11, 1966 at 11:10 a.m. At that time, evidence was being recorded in the area and I was able to zoom in on this sign image. Another photo, from a different location appears later in this post.

The Memory Lane Huntleys Drive-In opened in November of 1966 and closed in May of 1971. Sue Markle provided locations of other Huntleys and details on how this hamburger drive-in chain got started. Her information provided clues that also allowed me to dig a little deeper in my research.

Sue Markle’s full comments and my Huntleys research

I occasionally looked into the extent of the Huntleys Hamburgers chain and am indebted to Sue Markle for her comments, because previous attempts at researching Huntleys never turned up many details. In the early 70s, my East End hamburger pecking order was Gino’s first, Huntleys occasionally, and McDonalds almost never; as a result Huntleys research previously was given low priority. Here are Sue Markle’s full comments.

Enjoyed your post on Gino’s. How about looking at Huntley’s—the often-overlooked East End hamburger joint along Memory Lane. It opened around 1967 and was in business about five years. When McDonald’s arrived nearly next door during Huntley’s final year, my hamburger pecking order remained Huntley’s first, Gino’s occasionally, and McDonald’s almost never. I wonder what your readers East End hamburger pecking order was during the early-seventies.

I have to confess somewhat of a connection to Huntley’s. My grandparents owned a farm in Berks County, with a continuing contract to sell their cattle to a large meat packing company (Pikeus?) in Philadelphia. Pikeus was an early regional wholesale hamburger supplier to the likes of Gino’s and McDonald’s, plus on occasions, even York County’s Bury’s.

According to the story I always heard from my grandfather, Pikeus suddenly lost all wholesale business to hamburger joints in the mid-sixties when several Chicago meat packers ganged up and, in round robin style, repeatedly undercut his prices. Huntley’s Hamburger joints were born when Pikeus opted to get out of the wholesale meat packing business and sell directly to consumers. Huntley’s niche was Pennsylvania Dutch style hamburgers using solely Pennsylvania beef from many of his former suppliers, including from my grandparents’ farm, hence my personal interest.

Our family ate mostly at York’s Huntley’s along Memory Lane, however also ate at Lancaster’s Huntley’s along Oregon Pike. I understand Huntley’s had expanded, or was expanding, into Dauphin, Lebanon and Chester Counties when they suddenly went out of business. I never ate at those new locations—if they were built, where were they located?

I do remember localized hamburger price wars occasionally breaking out between Huntley’s and the nearby McDonald’s. The story my grandfather often told about Huntley’s demise involved some sort of meddling by McDonald’s with Huntley’s suppliers. Have you every heard anything about this?

I wanted to know which was first; the York or Lancaster Huntleys. In a deed search for the lot along Memory Lane I got me answer. “Huntleys, Inc. No. 2” purchased the lot at 190 Memory Lane on June 9, 1966; per York County Deed Book 59I, page 788. The Lancaster Huntleys at 1529 Oregon Pike was built first in 1965; with the Huntleys Hamburgers fictitious name filing on 1/28/1965.

The York and Lancaster newspaper hiring notices often have a Mr. Pincus showing up as the person to call. Sue Markle confirmed that was the name she was trying to remember; i.e. not Pikeus. The meat packing business referenced by Sue is believed to be Albert A. Pincus & Sons Meat Packing Company; operating at Sixth and Callowhill Streets in Philadelphia. The father, Albert, started the business in 1946 and turned it over to one of his sons, Bud, who closed the business in 1968. The founder(s) of Huntleys are likely one, or more, of sons of Albert Pincus.

I did not discover any details on additional Huntleys in Dauphin, Lebanon or Chester Counties. Maybe locations 3, 4 and 5 were still in the planning stage and had not become public prior to the May 1971 bankruptcy filing closing the York and Lancaster Huntleys; as reported in The Philadelphia Inquirer of May 23, 1971.

The following photo, dated November 9, 1966, gives a perspective of the location of Huntleys along Memory Lane. It is an eastward looking view showing Huntleys Hamburgers at the right and New Eastern Market at the left; both along Memory Lane.

Huntleys Hamburgers at 190 Memory Lane (Eastward looking photo, of 11/9/66, is from Collections of Springettsbury Township Historic Preservation Committee)

In fall of 1970, McDonalds opened on the southwest corner of Memory Lane and Industrial Highway; i.e. one building lot on either side of Wallace Street, separated Huntleys and McDonalds along Memory Lane. I am not aware of any hamburger price wars between the two, however from the fall of 1970 to the spring of 1971; I was attending Penn State at University Park. Maybe one of my readers has memories to share.

A Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurant presently sits on the lot formerly occupied by Huntleys Hamburgers; i.e. 190 Memory Lane. The following is a southward looking annotated 2016 Google streetview.

Lets reflect and compare two 60s hamburger drive-ins in Springettsbury Township; Huntleys on Memory Lane and Gino’s on Market Street, with Gino’s also having the exclusive area franchise for Kentucky Fried Chicken. Neither hamburger business survives at these locations, however KFC, initially offered at the hamburger drive-in on Market Street, is now offered in its own restaurant at the former location of the hamburger drive-in on Memory Lane. Two hamburger establishment losses with one chicken establishment left standing reminds one of the Chick-fil-A ads of today, with a cow wearing a sign urging everyone to “Eat Mor Chikin;” seems to be happening.

Links to related posts include:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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History of The Susquehanna Trail

Section of 1925 Map of Major PA Route Numbers (Source: Pennsylvania Department of Highways; Road sign with annotation by S. H. Smith, 2017)

The History of The Susquehanna Trail has quickly become my top requested local history presentation since the initial offering during September 2016. Before Interstate-83 the prominent north-south road in York County was the Susquehanna Trail.

Last Saturday a nice crowd at Historic Wrightsville’s Olde Town Night learned about the origins and myths of the Susquehanna Trail; they also had some interesting questions about route numbers in reference to The Trail. This post provides expanded answers those questions.

I’ll illustrate route numbers associated with the Lincoln Highway as an example. In 1913, The Lincoln Highway Association selected the York and Wrightsville Turnpike, in eastern York County; and the York and Gettysburg Turnpike, in western York County, as the Lincoln Highway Route through York County. This route continued as toll roads until Pennsylvania purchased these roads in 1918. Until 1926, these roads became part of State Route 1, the Lincoln Highway in Pennsylvania, as indicated by the road marked “1” on the 1925 Map of Major PA Route Numbers published by the Pennsylvania Department of Highways. Likewise on the 1925 Map, the Susquehanna Trail is the road marked “4,” representing State Route 4.

Over the years 1925 to 1928, the “modern” state route numbering system was implemented throughout all of the United States; establishing US Highway Route Numbers. Within Pennsylvania, this change was implemented in 1926. Named roads signs, such as Lincoln Highway and Susquehanna Trail, had to be taken down and were replaced with numbered signs. Within York County, the Lincoln Highway became US Route 30 and the Susquehanna Trail became US Route 111.

Route Number Explorations on The Susquehanna Trail

This is the whole 1925 Map of Major PA Route Numbers, published by the Pennsylvania Department of Highways. I’ve highlighted State Route 4, the Susquehanna Trail, stretching across Pennsylvania from the New York border to the Maryland border.

1925 Map of Major PA Route Numbers (Source: Pennsylvania Department of Highways)

When Pennsylvania implemented US Highway Route Numbers in 1926, the Susquehanna Trail became US Route 111 in York County. Nevertheless the State Route 4 signs were not immediately taken down; dual signage existed for several years.

Likewise, starting in 1926, US Route 111 was used for the rest of the Susquehanna Trail in Pennsylvania; except for Harrisburg to Northumberland, which was designated US Route 11. From Northumberland, US Route 11 branches off along the East Branch of the Susquehanna River towards Scranton.

Timothy Reichard has done a fantastic job researching route numbers changes within Pennsylvania during the 1920s. His map of Pennsylvania’s US Highways and Their State Highway Numbers in 1928 nicely summarizes the complexities of Susquehanna Trail route numbering that occurred north of Harrisburg.

I’ve highlighted the Susquehanna Trail on a sliver from Timothy Reichard’s map. Before discovering this map, I found in researching old state route numbers, uncertainties abound; so it is nice that Mr. Reichard has included all uncertain route number designations in a grayed out manner.

Links to related posts include:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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How a mile long river bridge was built in 21 days

Railroad Bridge between Wrightsville and Columbia (believed to be taken during 1897, York County History Center)

This photo of the mile long steel railroad bridge over the Susquehanna River, linking Wrightsville and Columbia, is believed to include some of the workmen that erected the bridge in 21 working days during 1897. The Pennsylvania Railroad used the divide and conquer method to accelerate bridge construction.

The railroad utilized two bridge building companies, Pencoyd Iron Works and Edgemoor Bridge Works, each with a responsibility to simultaneously build one-half of the bridge across the Susquehanna River. Competition and the fear of being the company that lags behind in holding up its end of the schedule are significant motivating factors.

Divide and conquer was used successfully on many railroad building projects; the most notable the building of the Transcontinental Railroad.  However this method to accelerate construction was also used on many smaller projects; such as the competition between the Delta track-laying crew and the Bel Air track-laying crew to see which could lay the most track in completing the Maryland Central Railroad in 1884.

Building of the 1897 Pennsylvania Railroad Bridge

During the Civil War, Union forces burned the wooden covered bridge in 1863, between Wrightsville and Columbia, to prevent advancing Confederate troops from crossing the Susquehanna River. For the next several years, ferry service was the only means of traveling across the Susquehanna River at this location.

From that point, the story is picked up in an article within the trade publication The Railway and Engineering Review. The article is entitled “REBUILDING OF THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD BRIDGE AT COLUMBIA, PA.” Quoting from that article on page 415 of the July 17, 1897 issue:

The Pennsylvania Railroad Co. bought the old piers in 1869, renewing the superstructure with Howe truss spans except in the middle of the river where one of the original spans was divided by the construction of an intermediate pier, and two iron spans were here interposed as a fire guard. The bridge forms a portion of the York branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad running from a connection with the main line at Columbia to York, Pa.

[Prior to the September 30, 1896 cyclone,] the bridge consisted of the two iron spans above mentioned, each 100 ft. in length, twenty-five through Howe truss spans, each about 198 ft. in length, one Howe truss span 150 ft. in length over the outlet of the Pennsylvania canal at the left shore [Columbia side] of the river, and one iron deck span 89 ft. long at the right shore [Wrightsville side] of the river.

All the wooden trusses except the 150 ft. span over the Pennsylvania Canal were destroyed by a wind storm [on September 30, 1896]. The masonry was not seriously damaged. It was decided to rebuild the bridge with Pratt truss steel spans designed to carry a single track railroad below and a highway on the upper chord. In re-constructing the bridge the two iron spans near the center of the river were removed and replaced with one span 198 ft. in length. The original masonry was of rubble laid in lime mortar. The piers were quite massive, but the stone used was small. The original piers had been replaced from time to time as it became necessary to renew them, until at the time the bridge was destroyed there remained only eight of the original rubble piers. These were all taken down to the foundation level and rebuilt with first class ashlar work.

The total length of the new superstructure is 5,285 ft. comprising twenty-six spans of about 198 ft. each and one span of 150 ft. Contracts for the construction of the new spans were placed on the 22nd of January 1897, fourteen spans being ordered from the Pencoyd Iron Works, and thirteen spans from the Edgemoor Bridge Works. The contracts required these two companies to complete the erection on or before the first day of July 1897. Before the contracts were closed it was thought advisable to modify the original plan so as to provide temporarily to carry both the highway and the railroad across on the lower floor, the design being slightly modified for this purpose. The upper deck of the bridge was therefore not completed, but will be utilized for highway purposes at some future time.

The two bridge companies took the field and unloaded their first material on the ground about March 25. The Edgemoor Company started to raise iron on their first span on April 16, while the Pencoyd Company did not begin to raise iron until about April 21. The Edgemoor Company swung their thirteenth and last span on the 7th of May, and the Pencoyd Company swung their fourteenth and last span on the 11th of May. The entire superstructure was therefore erected in twenty-one working days. The shortest time consumed in the erection of one span was eight and one-half working hours.

Both companies were very well equipped with engines and tools for the purpose. The Pencoyd Company used two travelers [working from the Wrightsville side], thus enabling them to work at two points of the same span, or at two different spans at once. The Edgemoor Company used only one traveler [working from the Columbia side] consisting of four bents and occupying in length the equivalent of about half of a span. The bridge companies kept one gang of men constantly at work framing and raising the false works ahead of the erecting gangs.

The weather and other conditions were very favorable during the entire progress of the field work, and there were no serious delays from any cause.

The gross weight of the steel spans is about 1,410,000 lbs. These spans were furnished in place ready for cross-ties at a cost of about $282,000 exclusive of painting. All material was made of soft steel except pins and rollers, which are of medium steel. For information on this work we are indebted to the courtesy of Wm. A. Pratt, engineer of bridges for the railroad company.

The first engine and coach crossed the newly erected steel bridge from Wrightsville to Columbia on June 5, 1897. The Pennsylvania Railroad charged a toll for vehicle and pedestrian use; although trains always had first priority. The upper deck was never completed for vehicular traffic. The last train crossed the bridge on March 13, 1958. The bridge was dismantled for scrap during 1963 and 1964; while the stone piers remain.

Links to related posts include:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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Naming of Three Mile Run waterway in Springettsbury

Southward view of Three Mile Run waterway crossing under East Market Street at Northern Way in Springettsbury Township (2017 Photo annotated by S. H. Smith)

A southward view photo shows Three Mile Run waterway crossing under East Market Street, Northern Way and Eastern Boulevard in Springettsbury Township. This waterway was so named because the distance from this York and Wrightsville Turnpike crossing point to the square in York is 3-miles.

The stream likely took on such a name due to the neighboring inn along the York and Wrightsville Turnpike; the Three Mile House. In the early Twentieth Century, that establishment was renamed Ye Olde Valley Inn, whereas the waterway continued to be identified as Three Mile Run.

In 1969, Three Mile Run was placed completely underground between East Market Street and Eastern Boulevard, so as to construct Northern Way between these roads.

Three Mile Run and the Three Mile House

When the York Mall opened in the Fall of 1968, not all of the surrounding roadway infrastructure had been completed to alleviate the increased traffic on East Market Street. Industrial Highway was completed in 1969, connecting the northern end of the York Mall with Memory Lane. Also the lane running south off of East Market Street, which had previously served as the entrance to Haines Park, was slated for widening to provide better traffic flow to Eastern Boulevard; this would become Northern Way.

The problem with constructing Northern Way; Three Mile Run was located alongside the Haines Park lane in a deep ditch. The solution was to place a section of Three Mile Run underground. The following photo appeared in the August 22, 1969 issue of The Gazette and Daily; quoting from the caption:

STREAM GOING UNDERGROUND—Shown is construction work to put part of Three Mile Run between Eastern Boulevard and the 2700 block of East Market Street underground. The project is being built for Springettsbury Township at a cost of $62,501 by a contractor from Haddonfield, N.J., William Landenslager. Workmen are shown assembling arch plate pipe about 100 yards south of the new traffic light at the southwest corner of York Mall.

When Best Products built at 2840 Eastern Boulevard during 1977, the section of Three Mile Run placed underground was extended and presently covers three-tenths of a mile. The Best Products building now houses AAA of Southern Pennsylvania.

Three Mile Run was also taken underground at the southwest corner of Memory Lane and Industrial Highway when a McDonald’s was built there in 1970. The June 30, 1970, issue of The Gazette and Daily reported, “Sidney Kellum, Harrisburg developer, has applied to Springettsbury Township for a permit to build a $135,000 franchise restaurant at the southwest corner of Memory Lane and Industrial Highway. The project would require installation of large concrete pipes to conduct a stream, Three Mile Run, under the property.” From there, Three Mile Run parallels Industrial Highway westward, heading under I-83 and emptying into Mill Creek.

I’ve marked up the following 1954 Topographic Map section to show the location of Three Mile Run and the drainage area (shaded in blue) feeding its headwaters. The drainage area covers much of Mahlon Haines’ 318-acre Yorkshire Ranch. Three Mile Run ran along the backstretch of the Track at Haines Park and then along the west side of the entrance lane off of East Market Street.

1954 USGS Topographic Map (Annotated by S. H. Smith, 2017)

This map shows the extent of buildings that existed by May of 1954. In the upper right is Yorkshire, a development that began in 1924. This 1954 map shows the extent of building that occurred within Yorkshire during Mahlon Haines’ ownership.

At the middle left is where Mahlon Haines’ 199-acre Haines Acres Farm existed. That farm was not developed until Haines sold the property to Epstein & Sons in November 1953. The development, Haines Acres, had its first buildings constructed in the spring of 1954; these first few homes are shown built along Cambridge Road and Erlen Drive.

I’ve pointed out where Ye Olde Valley Inn was located along East Market Street. An article in the May 29, 1916, issue of The York Daily, points to 1916 as the approximate time frame when the Ye Olde Valley Inn name came into existence; quoting from the article.

A party of young people held a hike to “Ye Olde Valley Inn,” three miles east of York, formerly the Three-Mile House, last Saturday evening. About 10 o’clock, a chicken and waffle dinner was served by the proprietor, William Ball. During the evening a dance was held in the ball room, music for which was furnished by a talking machine. Before departing the participants were served with refreshments, leaving on the last car from Wrightsville for this city.

The car mentioned was the trolley running between York and Wrightsville from 1904 to 1933. In front of the inn, the trolley ran on tracks along the south side of the York and Wrightsville Turnpike. This roadway had been designated the Lincoln Highway in 1913, although it remained a toll road until the turnpike was purchased by the State in 1918. A toll gate was located on the north side of the turnpike between Three Mile House (Ye Olde Valley Inn) and Three Mile Run.

Links to related posts with inn drawings, photos or annotated aerial views:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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Chicken & Waffles at Ye Olde Valley Inn

Chicken & Waffle Full Dinner Menu at Ye Olde Valley Inn (Source: Circa 1915 Ye Old Valley Inn Card in Collections of Springettsbury Township Historic Preservation Committee; with Upper Illustration by S. H. Smith using Pinterest Photos)

A chicken and waffle full dinner cost 50-cents in 1915 at Ye Olde Valley Inn along the Lincoln Highway, 3-miles east of York, in Springettsbury Township. Ann Turner wanted to know whether the waffles were topped with fried chicken rather than shredded chicken & gravy.

Ann remembered her grandmother telling a tale of her younger years in the area, when people came from all over, including Lancaster County, for the unique chicken & waffles sold at Ye Olde Valley Inn. Ann wondered maybe they were unique because the waffles were served with fried chicken, like almost everywhere else in the country, except Central Pennsylvania where waffles are instead smothered with shredded chicken and gravy.

Everybody I’ve talked to, that ate chicken & waffles at Ye Olde Valley Inn, before it was demolished in 1962, remembered Pennsylvania Dutch style chicken & waffles; i.e with shredded chicken and gravy. Unfortunately no first hand memories go back to before 1919, which is the year the family of Ann’s grandmother moved to Illinois.

Recently, while adding a donated item to Ye Olde Valley Inn file of the Springettsbury Township Historic Preservation Committee, I noticed something that popped out at me on the circa 1915 menu in that file. A century ago, the chicken and waffles at Ye Olde Valley Inn were “Ole Virginia Style;” see my green arrow on the menu. I still remember when our family took the first vacation to Virginia Beach in the early 1960s; we ordered chicken & waffles and surprisingly got waffles with pieces of fried chicken laying on them.

Circa 1915 Menu Card plus additional research on Ye Olde Valley Inn

A July 14, 1922, article in the Harrisburg Telegraph reported: “Members of the Columbia Rotary Club with their families and friends, motored to Ye Olde Valley Inn, near York, where they held the weekly business meeting and ate chicken and waffles.” According to the circa 1915 menu, their 50-cent Chicken and Waffle Full Dinner included: “Soup, Pennsylvania Dutch Salad, Dressing, Ole Virginia Style Chicken and Waffles, Corn Bread, New Potatoes, Green Corn on Cob, Preserves, Pudding, Ice Cream, Home Made Cake, and Ice Tea or Coffee.”

Here is the full circa 1915 Ye Old Valley Inn Card in Collections of Springettsbury Township Historic Preservation Committee. I’ve zoomed in on the “Chicken and Wafle .50 Dinner” sign along the Lincoln Highway front of the building. A marketing class taught me that sometime your can draw attention by purposely misspelling on a sign; however here I believe the sign painter simply did not plan ahead and ran out of space for the second-f.

Circa 1915 Ye Old Valley Inn Card in Collections of Springettsbury Township Historic Preservation Committee

After the Lincoln Highway was established in 1913, an advertising scramble ensued in the years immediately following of claims to be the oldest so and so, along the Lincoln Highway. I think the claim Ye Old Valley Inn was built in 1697 was such a ploy, with no real documentation to back it up. In the early 1930s thorough research was conducted that documented the origin of the inn actually went back to 1738. With that in mind, I’ll quote all the small text below the photo of the inn; which shows the east side and a front side mostly blocked by trees.

Built in 1697. The oldest Inn on the Lincoln Highway. Furnished throughout in original Antiques. Replete with Colonial, Washingtonian, and Civil War Historical Interests. Originally Indian Block House. Located in the Garden Spot of York County. Table supplied from our own farm. Southern Cooking. Patronized by Autoists and others desiring refined surroundings, home-like atmosphere and excellent service. Free Camping Sites.

William Ball was the proprietor of Ye Olde Valley Inn at the time of the circa 1915 menu. By 1922, A. G. Ramsey had become the proprietor; where Ramsey’s post cards continue to note “Chicken and Waffle Dinners a specialty.”

It is possible that A. G. Ramsey switched from “Ole Virginia Style” to “Pennsylvania Dutch Style” chicken and waffles, or possibly an inn proprietor that followed; such as Alexander Rose-Leigh or Shirley C. Whitenack.

In 1946, S. C. Whitenack placed several newspaper advertisements promoting the inn’s restaurant in conjunction with a newly installed modern kitchen. The following 1946 photo of the inn, from the April 4, 1946, issue of The Gazette and Daily, is the same circa 1915 viewpoint of the inn; i.e. showing the east side and a front side, now with all the trees removed.

The Lincoln Highway is a State Road. When the State decided traffic volume reached a point where the road had to be widened, all the trees in front of the inn were cut down in the early 1930s to accommodate the wider roadway. A decade late, more traffic required, for safety reasons, movement of the main entrances to the east side, as shown in the 1946 photo. Shirley C. Whitenack and his wife Retta were the proprietors of the Ye Olde Valley Inn for 25-years; up till her death in 1960.

Ye Olde Valley Inn was demolished in 1962 for further widening of the Lincoln Highway. Some materials were repurposed to build a smaller version of the original inn at the Susquehanna Memorial Gardens in York Township; where it serves as the cemetery offices.

In terms of present landmarks, Ye Olde Valley Inn (1738-1962) was located directly at the main entrance to the York Mall; i.e. centered on the entrance road, adjacent to the east side of the large York Mall sign. That location can be pinpointed via the four exposure blend from a 1955 aerial photo to a 2016 aerial photo; as shown at the end of the post: Santa flight that started a York tradition.

Links to related posts with inn drawings, photos or annotated aerial views:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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Lilian Roye international horsewoman in Springettsbury

Promotional Literature for Lilian Wittmack (Credit: International Equestrian Organization web site)

Denmark’s world famous equestrienne Lilian Wittmack used this promotional literature during the 1950s, in the United States, for booking appearances at county fairs, horse shows, TV programs and other events. Lilian announced her decision to make York her permanent residence in the States during a June 1950 horse show appearance for the York County Horsemen’s association.

With that decision, when not touring, Lilian stabled her horses at both Matthews’ and Haines’ Stables while residing nearby in White’s Trailer Park, just east of the Paddock Restaurant along the Lincoln Highway in Springettsbury Township. Lilian Wittmack was married to Columbia industrialist George A. Roye on October 3, 1950. George would later own one of the original stores in the York County Shopping Center.

While living in the mobile home Lilian likely dreamed of turning the empty fields behind White’s Trailer Park into her own stables. That dream became a reality in July of 1951 when “Lilian A. M. Roye and George A. Roye, her husband” purchase property from Katie I. Moul, the widow of Daniel C. Moul. Bri-Mar stables and track opened later in 1951 and the full facilities of the Bri-Mar Riding Academy opened in 1953. My post Bri-Mar track just off Lincoln Highway  contains aerial photos from 1957 and 1972.

The further extension of Eastern Boulevard through this area in the early 1990s cut through the Bri-Mar track. Lilian gifted the Eastside Assembly of God her remaining Bri-Mar property, prior to her death in 2001. That church sits at 3430 Eastern Boulevard.

Lilian Wittmack Roye

Lilian Wittmack was born in Copenhagen, Denmark. From an early age she excelled at training horses and soon was only entering horses in competitions that she had trained. Prior to WWII, Lilian was the All-Danish national jumping and dressage champion for six consecutive years. It was a time when these events were still dominated by military trained personnel. Lilian picked up more wins in competing throughout Europe. Lilian was the first woman to win the most difficult jumping event in all Europe, The Grand Prix de Luzerne in Switzerland.

After WWII, Lilian Wittmack turned professional, beginning in 1947 and throughout 1948, performing with the Bertram Mills Circus of England; where she exhibited her horsemanship skills throughout Europe. Lilian’s billing was “Denmark’s world famous equestrienne, in her flawless performance of Dressage, Olympic jumping and wonderful dancing horses.” This photo of Lilian during her circus days is from the International Equestrian Organization web site.

In 1949, Lilian signed a one-year contact to perform with the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus; logging over 20,000 miles traveling throughout the United States. Lilian performed with her horses in the coveted center ring of the three-ring circus.

In 1950, Lilian struck out on a decade of booking herself in appearances throughout the United States; at events such as: county fairs, horse shows and TV programs. An appearance at a local horse show brought Lilian to York in June 1950. Quoting a few paragraphs from the June 23, 1950, issue of The Gazette and Daily, and followed by the photo accompanying that article:

Miss Wittmack’s horsemanship record includes command performances before Princess Juliana of the Netherlands; Princess Elizabeth and Winston Churchill, of England; and King Christian of Denmark. She was the only civilian from her country representing in international horsemanship competition, and the only woman to win the international horse-show competition at Luzerne, Switzerland.

Last year she was the feature attraction with Ringling Brothers circus and the year before she was a member of the largest circus troop in England.

She has appeared in various shows in this country and has finally selected York as the place she would like to live. She expects to make York her permanent home it was learned last night. She was here with Ringling Brothers last year.

Lilian continued to make appearances in the Mid-Atlantic & New England States during the 1950s, even after opening Bri-Mar stables. For five years, she made several appearances each season on the CBS-TV show Big Top where she reprised many of her circus routines.

Bri-Mar stables became a center for the sport of Dressage in the United States through the efforts of Lilian. Here many competitions originated and were held at the first-class facilities she created at Bri-Mar; until the growing appeal of the sport forced a move to a bigger venues in the 1970s. The following are the final two paragraphs from the induction speech of Lilian Wittmack Roye into the United States Dressage Federation (USDF) Hall of Fame:

After hosting a few unrecognized shows, Lilian organized the first American Horse Shows Association (AHSA) recognized dressage show held in the US in 1955; hosting riders from Canada to Michigan. She hand-wrote all the tests, which she translated from Danish, and judged the show herself. In February of 1958, Lilian founded the International Equestrian Organization (IEO); USDF’s oldest established and charter Group Member Organization. Lilian was instrumental in IEO establishing their first recognized dressage show. In 1976, the club produced another milestone; the first FEI-sanctioned dressage competition in the US, held at the York Fairgrounds. The current success of dressage competition in the US is a direct result of Lilian’s efforts in growing the sport.

USDF Historical Recognition Committee Chair Bettina Longacre says, “Every now and then a gem is found, Lilian Wittmack Roye is one. She held dressage shows in the 1950s, when the civilians were just starting to take over the sport and not many people knew what the word meant, much less how to hold a formal dressage show. Lilian is truly one of our founding mothers, and it is an honor to have her inducted into the Roemer Foundation/USDF Hall of Fame.”

The Bri-Mar facilities were accessed via a lane off of Stone Ridge Road; the address was 3391 Stone Ridge Road. Bri-Mar was well screened by trees, from both the Lincoln Highway and Stone Ridge Road, so not many knew it was there. I’ve annotated the following 1972 aerial photo to show the layout of the facilities, since they no longer exist as a riding school. This westward view of Bri-Mar is from a 1972 Springettsbury Township Report to the Residents, within the collections of the York County History Center.

I’ve pointed out the location of the further extension of Eastern Boulevard through this area in the early 1990s; where it cut through the north end of the Bri-Mar track. Lilian Wittmack Roye gifted the Eastside Assembly of God her remaining Bri-Mar property, prior to her death in 2001 (her husband George Roye died in 1965). I’ve marked the present location of the church on the property; sitting between the still standing cement block “Stables & Storage” building and Lilian’s residence. The indoor arena was in bad shape and was torn down.  The church sits at 3430 Eastern Boulevard.

The 1968 publication “Greater York in Action” by The York Area Chamber of Commerce contains a nice piece about Bri-Mar; quoting the first three paragraphs from the “Riding School” article on page 216:

Included in the many opportunities for sport and recreation in the York area is the unique Bri-Mar School of Equitation established in 1953. Mrs. Lilian Wittmack Roye, owner, director, and head instructor, has shown successfully in international jumping competitions throughout Europe and is the winner of more than 1,000 prizes.

Located three miles from the center of York, the year round facilities of the school include a large indoor riding hall with a spacious spectators’ lounge, an Olympic size outdoor dressage arena and jumping course, a large galloping track, and dressing room and shower. There are twenty-three box stalls in the stables, and horses may be boarded at Bri-Mar.

Classes center on dressage, a specialized type of teaching and learning for horse and rider since both are judged in the obedience tests. Dressage is considered the basis of all good riding including jumping, hunting, pleasure, and exercise riding. Weekly residential horsemanship courses are offered during the summer. All riding instruction features the balanced seat as taught in Europe.

Links to related posts include:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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Bri-Mar track just off Lincoln Highway

This 1957 historic aerial photo comes from the online collections of the York County Archives. The shown Bri-Mar track was located just south of the Lincoln Highway near a York County house trailer park. This track was built in 1951 and existed until about 1990. Who can pinpoint the location of this track?

Haines Park in Springettsbury Township has some similarities. Like Haines’ track, the Bri-Mar track was for horses. Both tracks went out of existence because they were in the construction path for a new roadway and both tracks had a direct or indirect connection to house trailers.

In 1957, the mobile homes of the following individuals were in the trailer park near Bri-Mar: Ted R. Brown, Emerson C. Bupp, Horatio Evans, George Gillman, Jane H. LaVelle, Ernest Lewis, Walter G. Miller, Charles H. Motter, Helen Neal, Lewis Phillips, Paul Weaver and Herbert T. Welsh. Maybe one of my readers recognizes one of these 1957 trailer park residents and would like to share a story.

The woman responsible for the construction of the Bri-Mar track and show rings was a celebrated international rider from Copenhagen, Denmark. Before settling in York County, her horsemanship included command performances before Princess Juliana of the Netherlands; Princess Elizabeth and Winston Churchill, of England; and King Christian of Denmark. She was the first woman to win the international horse-show competition at Luzerne, Switzerland.

A renowned Danish horsewoman settled in York County; who knows, maybe because of a nearby restaurant; the Paddock.

Where Bri-Mar was Located

The Paddock clue should have given away the Bri-Mar track as being in Springettsbury Township. To pinpoint the track location in the 1957 aerial view, I’ve marked the location of the Paddock, at 3406 E. Market Street; White’s Trailer Park, at 3410-3414 E. Market Street; and the Lincolnway Flower Shop at 3420 E. Market Street. White’s Trailer Park was later developed as the Bloomingdale East shops.

The Bri-Mar stables and track were accessed via a lane off of Stone Ridge Road. That lane is shown running off the bottom of the 1957 aerial photo. Bri-Mar was well screened from both the Lincoln Highway and Stone Ridge Road, so not many knew it was there and I did not notice the track until 1972. The large building at the lower right part of the track is an indoor arena, which also contained stables.

After graduating from Penn State in June of 1972, I started a job with York Division of Borg-Warner. For the first six months of employment all graduate engineers went through a 6-month training program learning air-conditioning in general and then specifically how York does air-conditioning. There were 21 engineers in our second-half of 1972 class. Class projects occasionally required outside of class group work. I was usually in a group with Judson Brouse and Les Aebig. Many times we met at the apartment of Jud and his wife in the Village East Apartments.

The Brouse apartment was on an upper floor and it overlooked the Bri-Mar track. That is when I heard about and witnessed the horsemanship skills of Lilian Witmack Roye. Last week I happened upon the ideal aerial photo to show what that area of Springettsbury Township looked like in 1972.

I’ve pointed out key roads and features in this aerial photo from the collections of the York County History Center. The westward view along East Market Street is from a 1972 Springettsbury Township Report to the Residents.

I’ve pointed out where Eastern Boulevard is “to be built” to the north side of Village East Apartments. It would be the further extension of Eastern Boulevard through this area in the early 1990s that cut through the Bri-Mar track.

Lilian W. Roye, is shown in this 1954 photo from The Gazette and Daily. My next post will provide details about her career and examine how she ended up in York County. Lilian gifted the Eastside Assembly of God her remaining Bri-Mar property, prior to her death in 2001. That church sits at 3430 Eastern Boulevard.

Links to related posts include:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

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