Susquehanna Trail through York County; Wrap-Up

Story of the Susquehanna Trail in the Good Roads Movement: Part 19

Bridge over the Yellow Breeches Creek looking southward towards Old York Road—The Susquehanna Trail entrance into York County (2014 Photo, S. H. Smith)

Bridge over the Yellow Breeches Creek looking southward towards Old York Road—The Susquehanna Trail entrance into York County (2014 Photo, S. H. Smith)

Just in time for Christmas, this post wraps-up the 19-part-series on the Susquehanna Trail. Thanks to my readers for the feedback and all the great comments along the journey. Several readers asked the question, “When driving from Harrisburg to the Maryland Line, what roads need to be taken today to retrace the route of the original Susquehanna Trail?”

Front Street in Harrisburg and the following route to York County was the Susquehanna Trail. Travel south on Front Street until making a right turn onto the Market Street Bridge. Cross the Susquehanna River by proceeding west on the Market Street Bridge and then west through Lemoyne on Market Street until reaching 3rd Street. Turn left on 3rd Street, which becomes Bridge Street in New Cumberland.

The southern end of Bridge Street in New Cumberland is the scene shown in the photo where a Susquehanna Trail marker is superimposed. This bridge over the Yellow Breeches Creek, frames Old York Road—the northern Susquehanna Trail entrance into York County.

Today, the original Susquehanna Trail route within York County goes by several names:

  • Old York Road : in Fairview Township
  • Old Trail Road : in Newberry Township
  • Susquehanna Trail : in Conewago Township
  • Susquehanna Trail North : in Manchester Township
  • George Street : in North York, York and Spring Garden Township
  • Susquehanna Trail : in York Township
  • Main Street : in Jacobus and Loganville
  • Susquehanna Trail South : in Springfield Township
  • Main Street : in Shrewsbury
  • Susquehanna Trail : in Shrewsbury Township

Upon crossing the Maryland Line, the Susquehanna Trail in Maryland is now called York Road; all the way into Baltimore. When Interstate-83 was constructed in the 1950s, its path closely followed the Susquehanna Trail between Harrisburg and Baltimore.

TrailMap1925This is a York County slice from a 1925 Map Book. This map book was published one year after the Susquehanna Trail officially opened. The Susquehanna Trail is designated as Route 4, at the time this map book was published.

The complete name of this map book is: “The Official National Survey Maps and Guide for Pennsylvania, Lawton V. Crocker, Topographer, Published by The National Survey Company, Chester, Vermont, 1925.” The map book contains 48 pages of road maps covering the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, plus a map index of villages and towns; along with a historical and descriptive guide. The description for York, Pa. within this 1925 Map Book is as follows:

York, Pa., county seat of York County, so named, with its neighboring county of Lancaster, after the two famous ruling houses of England, whose contest for supremacy is known as the War of the Roses, the white rose representing the house of York.

A trade center and a very rich agricultural region, with a large variety of manufacturing establishments, the larger plants producing ice-making and refrigerating machinery, bank safes and vaults, water turbines, artificial teeth, wall paper, roofing paper, pretzels, auto bodies, tire chains, and cigars. Practically no foreign labor.

The leading agricultural products are: vegetables for the canning factories, wheat, butter, beef and dairy cattle, potatoes, corn, eggs, and strawberries.

The Continental Congress, after fleeing from Philadelphia, in the Revolutionary War, met here Sept. 30, 1777 to June 27, 1778.

Trail1925Text1The 1925 Pennsylvania Map Book contains this description of the Susquehanna Trail, Route 4:

A north and south route across the center of the state, connecting Buffalo and Rochester, New York, on the north, with Washington and Baltimore on the south, via Williamsport and Harrisburg. This route is over improved highways throughout its entire length, practically all of the portion lying in Pennsylvania being of concrete, with a few short stretches of bituminous.

This route is marked by a figure “4” on the state highway markers throughout its entire length in Pennsylvania, and also in New York from the Pennsylvania state lines northward to Rochester. An alternate route from Harrisburg southward through Gettysburg and Frederick is numbered 24 from Harrisburg to the Maryland line.

From Williamsport to Harrisburg the route follows closely to the Susquehanna River. This valley never more than a few miles in width, goes through the ranges of the Alleghenys, which often rise abruptly from the water’s edge for several hundred feet. A free booklet describing this trail may be obtained of the Williamsport Chamber of Commerce, Lycoming Hotel, Williamsport, Pa.

The 1925 Pennsylvania Map Book contains this mileage chart for the Susquehanna Trail. Via the Trail, a journey from York, Pa., to Buffalo, N.Y. was 324 miles going north and 330 miles on the return trip to York; going south.  I’m not sure why the difference.

Trail1925Text2

Related posts include:

Reading the HEADLINES; A Quick Index to ALL YorksPast Posts

About Stephen H. Smith

Stephen H. Smith is a design engineer who worked at York International Corp. for 33 years before retiring several years ago to research and write books full time; his second career. The initial emphasis was on family history when he won a national award during 2002 for his first book “Barshingers in America." Positive feedback and that award were influential in his decision to retire early from engineering and start a retirement career.
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