York County farm vs. factory tension relieved in overnight raid – 7/31 iconic images

The market sheds in York, Pa.’s Centre Square are a pile of rubble after they are pulled down in the middle of the night in late June 1887. The sheds had been in the square since the county’s earliest days and would never be replaced at that location, nor would any other building gain a permanent site in the middle of the square. Background posts: There were 5, count ‘em, 5 York markets, A square courthouse in middle of York’s Centre Square? and Late June marks pivotal moments in York history.
Continuing the series of iconic photos – photos that capture layered moments – from York County, Pa.:

In plain view: The market sheds, standing when people went to bed on a summer evening, were no more when they woke up. People would buy their goods directly from farmers in covered markets. For example, Central Market, not far from the square, would soon go up. Notice the wooden flag pole, that held the town’s banner removed by the invading Confederates 24 years before, stands. It, too, would later come down.
Behind the scene: The sheds represented York County’s agricultural prowess for years, but many in York, which had warmly embraced the Industrial Revolution, felt the rickety, smelly structures dated the newly minted city. Further, they were in the way of the new trolleys that needed to run through this crossroads transporting people to factories. They clogged up the square where the main road from Philadelphia crossed the main way from Baltimore. Goods from newly built factories must get through. So to thwart growing controversy about whether they should remain up or be torn down, middle-of-the-night ropes around support poles decided the question. This moment, focused in the heart of York, underscored the agriculture versus development battle that continues to this day.
Further details
The book “Never to be Forgotten” (York Daily Record/York County Heritage Trust, 2002) describes the Centre Square sheds and the five covered market houses that replaced them. This image comes from York County Heritage Trust files.
Posts in this series:
- 400 years ago, John Smith explored Chesapeake Bay – 1/31 iconic images
- Declaration signer James Smith tops York County patriot list – 2/31 iconic images
- Going to market a longtime York County pastime – 3/31 iconic images
- William C. Goodridge: From slavery to success story – 4/31 iconic images

- Rebs’ short York visit creates long memories – 5/31 iconic images
-Artist Horace Bonham captured everyday life – 6/31 iconic images
-York County farm vs. factory tension relieved in overnight raid – 7/31 iconic images
- York County stood firmly behind Allies on all fronts in WW II – 8/31 iconic images
- Downtown thrived in post-WW II York – 9/31 iconic images
- After WWII success, Farquhar sells assets to out-of-town outfit – 10/31 iconic images.
- Sears, York County Shopping Center in the middle of things – 11/31 iconic images
- Three Mile Island emergency indelibly written into memories – 12/2 iconic images.
- People of varying religious groups founded York County – 13/31 iconic images
- President Reagan: ‘Harley is back and standing tall’ – 14/31 iconic images
- York’s mayor: ‘We are no longer unprotected’ – 15/31 iconic images
- Grange Hall represented past way of York County life – 16/31 iconic images.
- York County Honors Choir product of proud moment – 17/31 iconic images.
- Meeting of riot victims brought hope for racial accord – 18/31 iconic images.
- Property rights foundational factor in Lauxmont dispute – 19/31 iconic images.
- New baseball diamond serves as York cornerstone – 20/31 iconic images
- Season 2 of York’s campaign to come back – 21-23 of 31 iconic images
- York on knees as its men storm Normandy beaches – 24-25 of 31 iconic images
- One image illustrates two long-neglected subjects in York area – 26-27 of 31 iconic images
- Images explain changes in York County factories, farms – 28-29 of 31 iconic images
York County still home to unvarnished beauty – 30/31 iconic images
Latinos most recent migrant group to call York County home – 31/31 iconic images
For additional iconic photos of York County, see this blog’s iconic photo category.
To see the full series of iconic photos in a special York Daily Record/Sunday News publication, click here.

About Jim McClure

Editor of the York Daily Record/Sunday News, ydr.com and its many digital products. East Region Editor, Digital First Media. Journalism/history blogger: yorktownsquare.com. Author or co-author of seven York County, Pa., history books.
This entry was posted in Archives, all posts, Events, Explanations/controversy, Farms & fields, For photo fans, Genealogy/research, Local landmarks, Notable images, Wheels of York. Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to York County farm vs. factory tension relieved in overnight raid – 7/31 iconic images

  1. Bill Landes says:

    Is this East looking West?
    Also the date wasn’t really late June 1863 was it?…other stuff going on then( Confederate Invasion).

  2. Jim McClure says:

    Bill, yes, that’s East looking West. That’s the Jordan building on the northwest angle of square, later Bear’s occupied that slot. Thanks for heads up on date. Ah, you can fix such things on the Web.

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